UPM Plantation Life


Frequently Asked Questions

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Is UPM planning to start to establish further forest plantations?

UPM currently has forest plantations in Uruguay and the UK and is considering the potential to establish further plantations in the southern hemisphere.

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Does UPM use genetically modified seedlings?

UPM does not use genetically modified trees until the safety of both the production and use of such material is established.

The plants used in UPM's plantations are developed through a range of breeding techniques including vegetative propagation.

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Does UPM have any forest plantations?

UPM has about 400,000 hectares of forest plantations in Uruguay and the UK. (160,000 ha in Uruguay and 230,000 ha in UK).

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What tree species UPM uses?

UPM has in Uruguay Eucalyptus plantations and in the UK Sitka Spruce plantations In general there are 2 main types of forest plantations:
Softwood (mainly spruce and pine) and Hardwood (teak, eucalyptus and acacia).

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What are the benefits from forest plantations?

Forest plantations are the most efficient and economically sustainable way of growing the raw materials the world needs for construction, packaging material, bioenergy, and paper. Well managed plantations can meet the requirements of global forest certification schemes such as FSC® and PEFC™. In addition, sustainably managed forest plantations also provide environmental and social benefits, including soil and water protection, habitat for biodiversity, restoration of degraded land, carbon sequestration, recreation and significant job creation in rural areas.

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Where are the world’s forest plantations?

Forest plantations have existed for hundreds of years in different parts of the world. The largest plantation areas are in China, Russia, India and Brazil. Significant areas can also be found in the US, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, Western Europe, such as the sitka spruce in the UK, and many South American countries. Even Finland has a very limited area of aspen plantations.

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How much plantation forestry exists in the world?

According to the FAO, forest plantations cover over 200 million hectares in 2010, making up about 7% of global forest areas. These forest plantations could supply nearly 70% of the world’s commercial timber, fibre and pulp needs.

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What are forest plantations?

Forest plantations are established by planting or seeding; they will usually contain non-native species of relatively even age classes and regular spacing. Plantations are managed on rotations from 10 years for Eucalyptus to 35 years for Sitka Spruce.